Michael Clegg (b. 1957, Dublin, Ireland) and Martin Guttmann (b. 1957, Jerusalem, Israel) studied at the School of Visual Arts in New York City in the late 1970s with artist Joseph Kosuth. They have been collaborating since 1980. Artworks by Clegg & Guttmann are widely represented in renowned public collections in the United States, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and the rest of Western Europe. They were included in the Venice Biennial (1995) and at documenta 8 in Kassel (1987).